BIO-ELECTRIC Revitalization BIOGAS Digester by Enhancing with Adding Microbial Fuel Cell Component as Solution for Waste Integrated System in Ruminant Slaughterhouse

R Henis Muslimah, Ilham Ardiansyah, M Fahmi Fathony

Abstract

Along with the increasing demand for meat as the consumption needs in Indonesia made slaughterhouse improve their production capacity. Like on Slaughterhouse Malang, every day ±50 cattle were slaughtered. However, each cattle possible to produces   rumen wasted around 24,5 Kg [2]. Whereas, just a small number who reused rumen waste as the biogas and normally go through into canal.  That would affect raising pollution for environment and surely make uneasiness for society. Analyzing characteristic of rumen waste, most type microbia are consist of bacteria in the anaerobic condition. In the mitochondria, enzyme dehydrogenase capable to change NADH become NAD and enzyme ATPase would change ATP 4 become ADP, this process is released electron (e-) and proton (H+). The differential potential from both load is resulting electricity source usually called by Microbial Fuel Cell Technology [3]. Biogas digester mostly produce gas using as the fuel not for electricity. Because, to utilize biogas become electricity need to convert first and budget required for machine (generator). From this complicated mechanism and inefficiency of digester performance are potentially to be developed by adding microbial fuel cell component as an attempt to revitalize and enhancing digester performance supposed to improve productivity slaughterhouse by producing self-electricity source.

Keywords— CO2, disaster, evacuation, volcano, wireless


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