ICHAS (Integrated Carbon dioxide Hazard Alert System): Integration between Poisonous CO2 Gas Detector, Monitoring Programme, and Evacuation System as A Solution to Achieve Indonesia's Volcano Zero Victim

Bintang Alfian Nur Rachman, Fatih Akbarul Irsan, Dzulkhi Yudha Pratama, Ardinda Kartikaningtyas Ardinda Kartikaningtyas, Syauqi Abdurrahman Abrori

Abstract

Indonesia has more than 129 volcanoes trough out its area. This fact may bring positive and negative effects. One of the negative effects is CO2 poisoned gas disaster that is caused by the volcano activities. CO2 gas is one of hardly detected gas. Besides that, CO2 also has no color, smell, and taste. However, this gas in high concentration may cause virulence as happened in Kepucuk Village, Dieng. On 20th February 1979, 149 peoples had been killed by CO2 gas. To solve those problems, we initiate to make a system that has the capability to detect CO2 gas concentration in every time (real-time) and also has been integrated to the evacuation system. We called it ICHAS (Integrated Carbon Dioxide Hazard Alert System). ICHAS was made by integrating three main components, which are CO2 detector, monitoring program, and evacuation system. When a volcano’s crater erupted CO2 gas in high concentration that is potential to poison people around it, the detector will measure its concentration and transmit it to the Monitoring Station by using radio frequency. When CO2 reaches more than the threshold (5000 ppm), the detector will activate siren and evacuation lamp.

Keywords— CO2, disaster, evacuation, volcano, wireless


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