Examining the Development of the City of Sungai Penuh: A Morphological Perspective

Jeki Aridianto, Anwar Purba, Wewen Darmawan

Abstract

This study was conducted in the city of Sungai Penuh, located in Jambi Province. The study is an effort to collect, study, analyze, and describe data related to the physical development and morphological development of Sungai Penuh; it also aims to identify and analyze the factors that have influenced the development of the city. This is an explorative study, and it involves a quantitative, as well as a mixed method approach. The quantitative approach involves the use of map analysis, and the qualitative approach involves the snowball sampling technique, which requires the researcher to collect information from informants. The results reveal that the development of Sungai Penuh can be grouped into three stages: the infantile stage (1900-1969), the pre-juvenile stage (1970-1989), and the juvenile stage in (1990-2015). In addition, the morphological development of Sungai Penuh is characterized by the following patterns: uncoated forms (1900-1969), the emergence of a combination of concentric shapes and the leap-frogging of development to the peripheries of the city (1970-1989), and the physical development of the city in the shape of an octopus or a star (1990-2015). The following factors have influenced the development of the city of Sungai Penuh: the physical attributes of the region, the development of transportation routes, the construction of urban infrastructure, government policies, the functions of the city, population, and interaction with other cities.

Keywords— stadium, morphological development, Sungai Penuh City

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