Integration of Human Rights Institutions for Strengthening the Independence and Effectiveness of Human Rights Protections in Indonesia

Khalid Khalid, Hari Purwadi, Hartiwiningsih Hartiwiningsih

Abstract

This normative legal research adopts a conceptual and comparative approach, including data analysis and qualitative description. There is a lack of integration between Indonesia’s three different human rights institutions: the Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM), the National Commission on Violence Against Women (KomnasPerempuan) and the National Commission for Child Protection (KPAI). These all have the same function and authority, which is to ensure the protection and enforcement of human rights in Indonesia. However, this process is neither independent nor effective, due to differences in the basic status of institutional law and budgetary allocations. The strengthening of human rights institutions should be pursued via institutional integration. These three institutions should be integrated and function as a whole, as is the case for other international human rights institutions. Such a measure would enable the protection and enforcement of human rights in Indonesia to become more independent and effective.

Keywords— integration, human rights institution, independence and effectiveness

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