Relationships between Family Support of Type 2 Diabetics and the Utilization of Healthcare Facilities in Tebet

Muhammad Ihsan, Dwi Cahya Rahmadiyah

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of type 2 diabetes patients, family support, the utilization of healthcare facilities, and their interrelationships.

Methods: This was a quantitative study with cross sectional approach. As many as 100 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who visited Tebet Community Health Services were selected using consecutive sampling method. We collected data using the 29- items Hensarling Diabetes Family Support Scale (HDFSS) questionnaire to measure family support. We also developed a 10- items questionnaire to measure the utilization of healthcare facilities.

Results: Most patients received good family support (61%), good informational support (57%), and good rewarded support (55%). The utilization of health care facilities was good (56%). Results of our study showed a significant relationship between family support and the utilization of healthcare facilities (p= 0.0001). Patients with good family support were 348.3 times more likely to use healthcare facilities. There was a significant relationship between informational support and the utilization of healthcare facilities (p = 0.0001). Patients with good informational support were 5.8 times more likely to use healthcare facilities. Likewise, good rewarded support was significantly associated with good utilization of healthcare facilities (p= 0.0001). Patients with good rewarded support were 4.8 times more likely to use healthcare facilities.

Conclusion: The majority patients received good supports and utilized healthcare facilities. Healthcare professionals in the facilities need to involve family in health promotion and education related to patient care at home.

Key words: family support, type 2 diabetes, and utilization of healthcare

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