The relationship between sleep hygiene and sleep quality among residents of an elderly care institution in DKI Jakarta

Mutia Annisa, Dwi Nurviyandari Kusuma Wati


Objective: Elderly are at risk of poor slepp quality and other health problems due to reduced sleep satisfaction. The objective of this study was to explore the association between sleep hygiene and sleep quality in elderly.

Methods: This was a descriptive study with cross sectional design. The study was conducted in four elderly care institutions in Jakarta, Indonesia, involving a purposive sample of 103 elderly aged 60 to 111 years old. Data were collected using Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).

Results: Over half of the residents had poor sleep hygiene (51.5%) and more than three quarter (81.6%) had poor sleep quality. The study revealed that there was a highly significant relationship between sleep hygiene and sleep quality (p = 0.001). The study also showed that those with poor sleep hygiene were 7.834 times more likely to have poor sleep quality.

Conclusion: Nurses need to include interventions that may address residents’ sleep problems. They also need to promote sleep hygiene and improve residents’ sleep quality.

Keywords: elderly, institution, sleep hygiene, sleep quality

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