Self-Care Management Behavior of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Indonesian Diabetes Association (Persadia) Depok City

Natasya Setyamarta, Denissa Faradita Aryani

Abstract

Objective: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes) is a chronic disease that requires long-term management throughout the life to prevent acute and chronic complications. Self-care is a fundamental and integral part of diabetes management. Social support obtained from family, health professionals, friends, or diabetic peers may predict good self-care behavior. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-care behavior of adult with type 2 DM in Persadia Depok.

Methods: This quantitative study used a cross-sectional design. A consecutive sample of 52 subjects with type 2 DM who joined in Persadia Depok was included. The instrument used to measure self-care behavior is The Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities questionnaire

Results: The results showed that self-care behavior of participants in the last seven days is 4,4 days (Median 4.4, Minimal-Maximum 2.6-5.4, 95% CI 4.1-4.5). Self-care was described as “good” in only half of the participant (50%). Self-care behavior was reported good in diet, physical exercise, and taking medication, but it was poor in self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and foot care.

Conclusion: This study recommended that nurses should enhance education and support to improve patient self-care behaviors especially SMBG and foot care.

 

Keywords: Colon cancer, deep breathing, early mobilization, effective coughing, preoperative education.

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