Knowledge and practices of ergonomic working positions among industrial workers

Hilda Fauziyah, Tri Widyastuti Handayani

Abstract

Objective: Industrial workers encounter several ergonomic hazards, giving rise to the risk of work-related injuries and diseases. Thus, they should be knowledgeable about and apply ergonomic working positions. This study explored the knowledge and practices of ergonomic working positions among workers.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 150 workers. A questionnaire was used for data collection, comprising three sections: workers’ characteristics, knowledge, and practices of ergonomic working positions.

Results: The mean score of workers’ knowledge was relatively high, but the mean score of practices of ergonomic working positions was low. The study showed a strong, linear, and significant relationship between knowledge and practices of ergonomic working positions. Additionally, knowledge contributed 43.2% to the practices of ergonomic working positions. The average score of workers’ knowledge was relatively high, whereas the average score of practices was quite low. A strong, linear, significant association was found between knowledge and practices of ergonomic working positions. Furthermore, knowledge contributed 43.2% to the practices of ergonomic working positions.

Conclusion: The results indicated the essential role of knowledge to improve the practices of ergonomic working positions among workers and recommended the provision of policy and workplace environment that supports ergonomic positions for workers. Further, this study recommended occupational health nurses to develop and implement programs for health promotion, work-related injury and disease prevention, treatment, follow-up, and referrals.

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