Pranayama breathing exercise as a nursing intervention to reduce blood pressure in families with hypertension

Tri Mariha, Tri Widyastuti Handayani


Objective: Adults in urban areas are at risk of developing hypertension. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of the Pranayama breathing exercise as a relaxation technique for reducing blood pressure in a patient with hypertension.


Methods: The patient performed a Pranayama breathing exercise as a family nursing intervention. This exercise comprised full yogic breaths (Dhiirga Swasam), respiratory breaths (Ujjayi), strong blowing breaths (Kapalabhati), alternate nasal breaths (Anuloma Viloma), and tooth breaths (Sitkari). The exercise was done 1–2 times per week for 25 minutes each session.


Results: The patient exhibited reduced blood pressure readings, from 200/120 mmHg on May 2, 2017 to 170/90 mmHg On June 7, 2017.


Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that the Pranayama breathing exercise, performed 1–2 times per week, could be an effective non-pharmacological treatment for hypertension. Family nurses should therefore use Pranayama a nursing intervention for patients with hypertension. Additional studies, involving more patients, are needed to comprehensively examine the ability of Pranayama breathing exercises for reducing blood pressure.


Keywords: adult, hypertension, Pranayama breathing exercise.

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