Knowledge Level and Health Promoting Lifestyle in Nursing Students

Roma Radiah, Astuti Yuni Nursasi


Objective: Nursing students have been taught about health promoting lifestyles, which should be applied in daily life. This study aimed to identify the correlation between knowledge level and health promoting lifestyle in nursing students from the Faculty of Nursing University in Indonesia.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used a disproportionate stratified random sampling method to obtain 93 samples. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, a knowledge questionnaire about health promoting activities, and the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile–II (HPLP-II) questionnaire.

Results: The results showed a high knowledge level (59.1%) and a good health promoting lifestyle (M = 2.58, SD = 0.30). However, the Chi-square test showed no correlation between knowledge level and a health promoting lifestyle (p = 0.289).

Conclusion: A health promoting lifestyle is shaped by more than just knowledge. Further research should confirm other factors that affect a health promoting lifestyle.

Keywords: health promotion; health promoting lifestyle; knowledge level; nursing students

Full Text:



World Health Organization. Healthy living: What is a healthy lifestyle? Copenhagen, Denmark; 1998. [cited 2017 Feb 10]. Available from

Hjelm JB. The dimensions of health: Conceptual models. Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett Publishers; 2010.

Walker SN, Hill-Polerecky DM. Psychometric evaluation of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. Nebraska, USA; 1996. [cited 2017 Mar 22]. Available from

Pender NJ, Murdaugh C, Parsons MA. Health promotion in nursing practice. 7th ed. USA: Pearson Education Inc; 2015.

Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia. Keperawatan komunitas. [Internet]. Depok, Indonesia; 2015. [Cited 2017 Feb 10]. Available from

Can G, Ozdilli K, Erol O, Unsar S, Tulek Z, Savaser S, Ozcan S, Durna Z. Comparison of the health-promoting lifestyle of nursing and non - nursing students in Istanbul, Turkey. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2008; 10, 273–280.

Wei CN, Harada K, Ueda K, Fukumoto K, Minamoto K, Ueda A. Assessment of health-promoting lifestyle profile in Japanese university students. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine. 2012; 17(3):222–227.

Al-khawaldeh O. Health promoting lifestyle of Jordanian university students. International Journal of Advanced Nursing Studies. 2014; 3(1):27–31.

Damayanti MR, Karin PA. Gambaran pola perilaku hidup sehat pada mahasiswa Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Jurnal Keperawatan Community of Publishing in Nursing Ners. 2016; 4(1):28–35.

Al-Kandari F, Vidal VL, Thomas, D. Healthpromoting lifestyle and body mass index among College of Nursing Student in Kuwait: A correlative study. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2008; 10(1):43–50

University of Nebraska Medical Centre, College of Nursing Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II. [Internet]. Nebraska, USA; 2013. {Cited 2017 Feb 10]. Available from

Potter PA, Perry AG, Stockert AG, Hall AM. Fundamentals of nursing. 8 th Ed. Canada: Elsevier Mosby; 2013

Fitrahanefi MN. Hubungan karakteristik mahasiswa, pengetahuan, dan sikap terhadap perilaku gaya hidup sehat mahasiswa S1 reguler aktif Universitas Indonesia tahun 2014. Bachelor [Thesis]. Depok: University of Indonesia; 2014. Available from: Universitas Indonesia Library.

Mehri A, Solhi M, Garmaroudi G, Nadrian H, Sighaldeh SS. Health promoting lifestyle and its determinants among university students in Sabzevar, Iran. International journal of preventive medicine. 2016; 7(1):65.

Maibach E, Flora JA, Nass C. Changes in self-efficacy and health behavior in response to minimal contact community health campaign. Health Communication. 1991; 3(2):1¬–15.


  • There are currently no refbacks.