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Family Support and Dietary Adherence in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients in a Public Health Center (Puskesmas) Depok | Anjani | UI Proceedings on Health and Medicine

Family Support and Dietary Adherence in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients in a Public Health Center (Puskesmas) Depok

Dhea Bethari Anjani, Dewi Gayatri

Abstract

Objective: Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Therefore, diabetes mellitus (DM) patients must maintain a specific diet. One of the factors influencing patient dietary compliance behavior is family support. In this study, we aimed to determine the correlation between family support and adherence to a DM type 2 dietary program.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in April and May of 2017 at the Cisalak Pasar Public Health Center (Puskesmas) with a sample of 82 respondents. The Hensarling Diabetes Family Support Scale, Food Frequency Questionnaire, and Food Form Recall were used.

Results: The results showed that as many as 43.9% of the respondents adhered to the diet program. Additionally, 28% of respondents had proper family support. There was a significant relationship between family support and dietary adherence (p = 0.007; p > α).

Conclusion: The study results showed that family support is an important factor in DM patients’ adherence to a dietary program.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, Dietary Adherence, Family Support

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