Coping Strategy and Its Correlation With Psychological Discomfort: Stressors Perceived by Patients with Diabetic Ulcers

Audi Amalia Rahmawati, Dewi Gayatri

Abstract

Objective: Diabetic ulcers are a complication that frequently manifest in patients with diabetes. These ulcers can cause both physical and psychological discomfort in the form of stress. The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between coping strategy and stress in patients with diabetic ulcers at the RUMAT Wound Care Center.

Methods: This research was quantitative with a cross-sectional design that used purposive sampling with 93 patients. Ninety-three patients with diabetic ulcers were interviewed using the Brief COPE scale to measure coping strategies and the Perceived Stress Scale to measure stress. Data were analyzed using independent t-tests.

Results: There was a significant correlation between emotion-focused coping and stress (p = 0.003, α: 0.05), and there was no correlation between problem-focused coping and stress (p = 0.996, α: 0.05).

Conclusion: Diabetic ulcer care, performed by RUMAT Wound Care, helps control the patients’ perceived stress. Further research is needed on the psychological aspects of patients with diabetic ulcers.

Keywords: coping strategies, diabetic ulcer, stress

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