Burnout in palliative care in nursing: A literature review

Ela Pratiwi Lagentu, Ni Gusti Ayu Eka, Peggy Tahulending

Abstract

Objective: Palliative care in nursing is an area of nursing that is constantly dealing with cases of death and suffering. Nurses who work in the palliative care have experienced burnouts. Burnout is associated with feelings of hopelessness and difficulties in dealing with work or in doing the job effectively. Therefore, it is important to explore burnout prevention strategies in the palliative nursing care.

Methods: This study is a systematic literature review using a simplified approach. Four previous research reports in the palliative area were synthesized.

Results: Two main themes related to burnout prevention strategies emerged: the defense mechanisms and coping strategy.

Conclusion: Health care workers especially nurses in palliative units have burnout prevention strategies comprisingthe defense mechanisms and coping strategy. Adequate strategies will enable nurses with high levels of burnout, job stress, and depressive symptoms to combat the symptoms.  It is noted that there is a need for further research regarding burnout prevention study in palliative nursing care to test the effectiveness of the burnout prevention strategies.

Keywords: Burnout, Coping Strategy, Defence Mechanisms, Literature Review, Palliative in Nursing

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