Maternal Psychosocial Condition Affect on Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy in Pregnant Teenager

Devi Puri Sukmawati, Imami Nur Rachmawati

Abstract

Objective: Teenage pregnancy included into the group in experiencing psychosocial problems. These condition will result in low self-efficacy, which is one of the important factors in the practice of exclusive breastfeeding.This study aims to figure the relationship between antenatal psychosocial conditions and Breastfeeding Self Efficacy score in teenager pregnant women.

Methods: This study used cross sectional design with 98 sample of teenage mothers in Majalengka. The sampling technique used is consecutive sampling using standard questionnaires Antenatal Psychosocial Health Assessment and Breastfeeding Self Efficacy Short Form which have been translated.

Results:Teenage mothers psychosocial condition in all three aspects that were examined showed teenage mothers have a good psychosocial conditions, and the result shows a significant relationship between pregnant mothers’ psychosocial condition on maternal aspect and breastfeeding self efficacy of teenage mother (p = 0,007; α = 0,05; CI = 95%).

Conclusion:Enhancement of maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy since prenatal phase is recommended to promote exclusive breastfeeding, especially for teenage mothers with psychosocial problems.

Keyword: Breastfeeding Self Efficacy, Psychosocial, Teenage Pregnancy

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